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2021年成人高考高起点《英语》考试概要

   日期:2021-02-26     来源:www.dazhixue.com    作者:智学网    浏览:395    
核心提示:愿你是风,鼓起白色的帆;愿你是船,剪开蓝色的波澜。生活正在你的前方微笑,勇敢的走上前去,将彩色的生活拥抱。以下是智学网为

愿你是风,鼓起白色的帆;愿你是船,剪开蓝色的波澜。生活正在你的前方微笑,勇敢的走上前去,将彩色的生活拥抱。以下是智学网为大伙收拾的《2021年成人高考高起点《英语》考试概要》供您查阅。
英语复习考试范围包括语音、词语、语法、平时交际用语、阅读和写作等方面。
英语复习考试在记忆、理解和综合应用这三个层次上测试考生学会英语的水平:
记忆:能记住本大纲规定的语音、语法常识;能记住单词的拼写、读音、基本词义及主要使用方法;能记住本大纲规定的短语和习惯用语的意思和主要使用方法。
理解:能正确用语音、语法和平时交际用语常识;可以恰当理解各种语言现象;可以恰当理解各种语言现象;可以读懂英语的连贯表达。
综合应用:可以用本大纲规定的各类语言常识,整体理解不一样形式的语篇;可以在特定的语境中比较连贯、得体地表达我们的意思。
1、复习考试内容
语音
熟知英语音素的发音,知晓英语字母及常用字母组合在单词中的读音。知道英语的基本语调与用语调的规则,并能在实践中运用这部分规则。能在容易的平时会话中用比较自然的语音语调。
词语
学会2000个左右常用英语单词和少量的短语和习惯用语,对单词能认、会读,知晓词义及其在语句中有哪些用途。对在一般交际中用频率高的单词和短语会拼写、能正确用。知晓一些常用词的同义词和反义词。可以依据上下文或借助基本的构词法常识判断语篇中生词包含的意思。
语法
1.词类
1)名词
2)形容词
3)副词
4)动词
5)代词
6)冠词
7)数词
8)介词
9)连词
10)感叹词
2.名词
1)可数和不可数名词
2)名词的复数形式
3)专有名词
4)所有格
3.代词
1)人称代词
2)物主代词
3)反身代词
4)指示代词
5)不定代词
6)疑问代词
4.数词
1)基数词
2)序数词
5.介词
6.连词
7.形容词
1)形容词作定语、表语和宾语补足语的使用方法
2)比较等级:原级、比较级、级
8.副词
1)时间、地址、方法、程度、疑问、连接、关系等副词的使用方法
2)比较等级:原级、比较级、级
9.冠词的一般使用方法
10.动词
1)动词的基本形式
目前式
过去式
过去分词
-ing形式
2)行为动词的及物性和不及物性
3)连系动词be, get, look, seem, turn, grow, become 等
4)助动词be, do, have, shall, will 等
5)情态动词can, may, must, ought, need, dare等
6)动词的时态
一般目前时
一般过去时
一般以后时
目前进行时
过去进行时
目前完成时
过去完成时
过去以后时
7)动词的被动语态
一般目前时的被动语态
一般过去时的被动语态
一般以后时的被动语态
目前进行时的被动语态
目前完成时的被动语态
带情态动词的被动语态
8)动词的不定式
作主语
作宾语
作宾语补足语
作状语
作定语
作表语
用在how, when, where, what, which, who, whether等后面
9)动词的过去分词
作定语
作表语
作宾语补足语
作状语
10)动词的-ing形式
作主语
作宾语
作宾语补足语
作表语
作定语
作状语
11.句子
1)句子的类型
陈述句
疑问句
祈使句
感叹句
2)句子的成分
主语
谓语
表语
宾语
直接宾语和间接宾语
宾语补足语
定语
状语
3)主谓的一致关系
4)容易句的五种基本句型
5)并列句
6)复合句
名词性从句
状语从句
定语从句
7)倒装句
8)省略句
12.构词法
1)合成法blackboard, man-made, overthrow, however, everyone
2)转换法hand -hand ,break-break, empty-empty
3)派生法
A.加前缀:non-, un-, in-, dis-, re-
B.加后缀:-er, -tion, -ese, -ist, -ing, -ment, -ness, -ian, -ify, -ize, -ise, -en, -able, -ful, -y, -ive, -al, -an, -ly, -teen, -ty
平时交际用语
1.问候Greetings
Good morning/afternoon/evening.
Hello/Hi!
How are you?
Fine, thank you. And you?
Very well, thank you.
2.介绍Introductions
a. This is Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms…
I’d like you to meet …
b. How do you do ?
Nice/Glad/Pleased to see/meet you.
c. My name is …
I’m a .
d. I’m Chinese.
3.告别Farewells
a. I’m afraid I must be leaving now.
I think it’s time for us to leave now.
b. Good-bye!
See you later/tomorrow.
Good night.
4.感谢和应答Thanks and responses
a. Thank you .
Thanks a lot.
Many thanks.
Thanks for……
b. It’s very kind of you to…
Not at all .
It’s/That’s all right.
You’re welcome.
5.祝愿、祝贺和应答Good wishes, congratulations and responses
a. Good luck!
Best wishes to you!
I wish you good luck/success!
Have a nice/good time.
b. Thank you.
The same to you.
c. Happy New Year!
Merry Christmas!
Happy birthday to you.
6.道歉、遗憾、同情和应答Apologies, regrets, sympathies and responses
a. Sorry/Pardon.
I’m sorry.
I’m sorry for/about…..
I’m sorry to hear….
b. Excuse me
I’m afraid of ….
What a pity/shame!
c. That’s all right.
It doesn’t matter.
That’s nothing.
7.邀请和应答Invitations and responses
a. will you come to ….?
Would you like to …?
I’d like to invite you to …
b. Yes, I’d love to .
Yes, it’s very kind/nice of you.
c. I’d love to, but…
8.提供和应答Offers and responses
a. Can/Could/Shall I help you?
Is there anything I can do for you?
Do you want me to …?
What can I do for you?
Let me do/carry/help….
Would you like some…?
b. Thanks. That would be nice/fine.
That’s very kind of you.
Thank you for your help.
Yes, please.
Here, take this/my…..
c. No, thanks/thank you.
Thank you all the same.
That’s very kind of you, but….
9.约会Making appointments
a. Are you/Will you be free this afternoon/tomorrow?
How about tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening?
Shall we meet at 4:30 at …?
b. Yes, that’s all right.
Yes, I’ll be free then.
c. No, I won’t be free then. But I’ll be free…
d. All right. See you then.
10.意愿和期望Intentions and wishes
a. I’m going to ….
I will …
I’d like to ….
I want/hope to …
b. I want/hope/wish to …
11.请求、允许和应答Asking for permission and responses
a. May I …?
Can/Could I ….?
b. Yes/Sure/Certainly.
Yes, please.
Of course .
Go ahead, please.
That’s OK/all right.
Not at all.
c. I’m sorry you can’t.
I’m sorry, but…
You’d better not.
12.赞同和不一样意Agreement and disagreement
a. Certainly/Sure/Of course.
No problem.
Yes, please.
Yes, I think so .
That’s true.
All right/OK.
That’s a good idea.
I/We agree .
b. No, I don’t think so .
I’m afraid not.
I’m afraid I can’t agree with you.
13.爱好和厌恶Likes and dislikes
a. I like/love ….
I like/love to …
b. I don’t like ….
I hate …
14.决断和坚持Determination, decision and insistence
I will…
I have decided to/that…
15.判断和建议Judgement and opinion
a. Well done/Good work!
b. In my opinion,…
It seems…
16.能力Ability
I can….
He is able to ….
17. 一定和不愿定Certainty and uncertainty
a. I’m sure .
I’m sure …
b. I’m not sure .
I’m not sure whether/if…
c. Perhaps/Maybe.
18.禁止和警告Prohibition and warnings
a. You can’t/mustn’t….
If you …, you’ll…
You’d better not do it.
Don’t smoke!
Don’t be late!
b. Look out!
Take care!
Be careful!
19.可能和不可能Possibility and impossibility
He can/may….
It is possible that…
20.预见、猜测和相信Prediction, conjecture and belief
a. He will…
b. It seems …
c. I believe that he is right.
21.请求Requests
a. Can/Will/Could/Would you…for me?
Will/Can/Could/Would you Please…?
May I have…?
b. Please give/pass me…
Please wait .
Please wait your turn.
Please stand in line/line up.
Please hurry.
c. Don’t rush /crowd.
No noise, please.
No smoking, please.
22.劝告和建议Advice and suggestions
a. You’d better…
You should /ought to…
You need …
b. Shall we …?
Let’s …
What/How about…?
Why not …?
Why don’t you…?
23.许诺Promises
I promise…
I will give… to you.
24.表示焦虑Expressing anxiety
What’s wrong?
What’s the matter ?
I’m/He’s/She’s worried.
Oh, what shall I /we do ?
25.表示惊奇Expressing surprise
Really?
Oh dear!
Is that so?
Good heavens!
26.表示喜悦Expressing pleasure
I’m glad/pleased/happy to….
That’s nice/wonderful/great.
27.谈论天气Talking about the weather
a. What’s the weather like today?
How’s the weather in …?
b. It’s fine /cloudy/windy/rainy….
It’s getting cold/warm…
It’s rather warm/cold/hot… today, isn’t it?
It’s a beautiful day today.
28.购物Shopping
a. What can I do for you?
May/Can I help you?
b. I want/I’d like…
How much is it?
That’s too expensive, I’m afraid.
That’s fine. I’ll take it.
Let me have…
c. How many/much do you want?
What colour/size/kind do you want?
d. Do you have any other kind/ size/colour, etc.?
29.问路和应答Asking the way and responses
a. Excuse me .Where’s the men’s/ladies’ room?
Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to …?
How can I get to …? I don’t know the way.
b. Go down this street.
Turn right/left at the first/second crossing.
It’s about… metres from here.
Go straight ahead till you see…
30.问时间、日期和应答Asking the time, date and responses
a. What day is today?
What’s the date today?
Excuse me. What time is it by your watch?
What’s the time, please?
b. It’s Monday/Tuesday…
It’s January 10th.
It’s five o’clock/five thirty /a quarter past six.
It’s time for/to…
31.就餐Taking meals
a. What would you like ?
Would you like something ?
b. I’d like…
Coke/Two eggs…, please.
c. Would you like some more…?
Help yourself to some…
d. Thank you, I’ve had enough.
I’m full, thank you.
Just a little, please.
32. 打电话Making phone calls
a. Hello! Is he in?
May/Could I speak to …?
Is that…?
b. Hold on, please.
Hello, who is it?
He/She isn’t here right now.
Can I take a message for you?
c. Hello, this is … speaking.
I called to tell/ask you…
33.传递信息Passing on a message
a. will you please give this note/message to…?
b. … asked me to give you this note.
c. Thanks for the message.
34.看病Seeing the doctor
a. There’s something wrong with…
I’ve got a headache and a cough.
I feel terrible .
I don’t feel well.
b. Take this medicine three times a day.
Drink plenty of water and have a good rest.
It’s nothing serious.
You’ll be all right/well soon.
35. 求救Calling for help
a. Help!
Thief!
b. What’s the matter?
36. 语言困难Language difficulties
Pardon?
Would you please say that again/more slowly?
What do you mean by …?
I’m sorry I can’t follow you.
I’m sorry I know only a little English.

 
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